Several industries are using conveyors these days and these systems are now available in different types. They offer a lot of benefits including boosting the productivity in the workplace. Given that, let us take a quick look at the evolution of these systems.
What Is It?
Conveyors can be used for basic and extensive purposes. It focuses on transporting items from one location to another within a certain facility. It is used by various industries because of its many benefits such as improving material handling and improving working conditions. According to historical experts and scientists, similar systems were already put to use during the creation of ancient civilization, albeit passé compared to what we have today. Experts said they helped in the creation of the Egyptian pyramids as well as the Stonehenge. They said these amazing wonders were developed using wooden logs that acted as rollers, which were utilized to move hefty pyramid blocks or the Stonehenge stones across long distances. These wooden rollers are comparable to the contemporary conveyors that we have nowadays, except for the fact that they used tremendous manpower during those early times.
How Did It Evolve?
After the wooden rollers used during the ancient times in Egypt and Europe, more improvements were made to these systems. Wood was still used but they added a belt that was made up of canvas or leather. They were operated using a geared system, which involved turning a handle and then through the utilization of a water mill. These designs inspired the styles of conveyors that we have today. During the 18th century, various industries started to use such systems that were powered by electricity.
Thomas Robins was the man behind the invention of the first modern conveyor, which happened in 1891. He was known as the forefather of the contemporary conveyors and material handling. The conveyor that he created was used to move bulky materials from iron mines. Rocks were relocated using rubber belts and steel idler rollers. Robins patented the three-roll idler in 1896 and he founded his company, which was named Robins Conveyor Belt Company.
Meanwhile, the first underground conveyor system was developed by Richard Sutcliffe in 1905. It was used in coal mines and helped improve productivity and the work conditions of coal mine workers. In 1913, Henry Ford introduced earliest conveyor belt assembly line at his car production facility. The system helped his factory produced Model T cars in an efficient and quick manner. Because of its success, the system was adopted by various manufacturing industries during that time.
Over the past century, conveyors have continually improved and eventually resulted in the systems that we have today. It is currently being utilized in various sectors and other industries are expected to join the bandwagon. These conveyors are also bound to see more advancements in the innovative technology that we have these days. A few of the benefits that these systems provide include stability in handling and transporting goods, prevention of equipment accidents, enhancement of worker productivity, improve safety for workers, and lesser strenuous employee labor. Conveyors also offer companies a positive return on investment and reduced need for potentially hazardous machinery. Because more and more companies are using these systems, conveyors are now offered in different types. Finding one that will suit your needs will be difficult.